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Thursday, April 29, 2010

Edible Fresh Beans



Glycine max
Fabales ï Fabaceae ï Faboideae ï Glycinae
Common name : Soybean, 大豆 , kacang soya
Native : East Asia
Consumed Fresh : edamame枝豆 ( steamed/boiled green soybeans in pod )
Processed : soymilk豆漿, tofu豆腐, soy sauce醬油, miso味噌, natto納豆, tempeh, soybean oil, flour, instant formula.
Nutritional value : Source of complete protein.
Alpha-linolenic acid, isoflavones genistein, daidzein, phytic acid.
Caution : For human consumption, soybeans must be cooked with ‘wet’ heat in order to destroy the trypsin inhibitors.
Indigestible oligosaccharides contribute to flatulence and abdominal discomfort.
Sphingolipids may cause colon cancer.




Vicia faba
Fabales ï Fabaceae ï Faboideae ï Vicieae
Common name : broad bean, 蚕豆, 豌豆, 蓝花豆
Native : North Africa & S.W. Asia
Consumed Fresh : beans are shelled and steamed. Young leaves cooked or as a salad.
Processed : roasted & salted snack
Nutritional value : L-dopa, a natriuretic agent, may help in controlling hypertension.
Caution : Tyramine may cause release of store monoamines, causing hypertensive crisis.
Vicine, isoramil and convicine, may induce hemolytic anemia in patients with hereditary condition G6PD-deficiency.

Pisum sativum
Fabales ï Fabaceae ï Faboideae ï Vicieae
Common name : pea, 荷兰豆
Native : Mediterranean
Consumed Fresh : boiled/steamed pea.
Processed : canned/frozen pea, roasted & salted snack




Phaseolus vulgaris
Fabales ï Fabaceae ï Faboideae ï Phaseoleae
Common name : common bean, French bean, 龟豆, 四季豆, kacang buncis
Native : Central & S. America
Consumed Fresh : steamed, stir-fried, boiled.
Processed : many well-know bean belong to this species : kidney bean, anasazi bean, yellow bean, pink bean, black bean, navy bean, pinto bean.
Nutritional value : vitamin A, vitamin C.
Caution : Fresh beans contain toxin lection phytohaemagglutinin, but can be degrade by cooking.


Vigna unguiculata sesquipedalis
Fabales ï Fabaceae ï Faboideae ï Phaseoleae
Common name : yardlong bean, snake bean, Chinese long bean, 长豆 kacang panjang
Native : W. Africa
Consumed Fresh : Pods eaten fresh or cooked.
Processed :
Nutritional value : Vitamin A, vitamin C, folate, thiamin, riboflavin, iron, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, manganese



Psophocarpus tetragonolobus
Fabales ï Fabaceae ï Faboideae ï Phaseoleae
Common name : winged bean, Goa bean, 四角豆, kacang botal,
Native : PNG
Consumed Fresh : Pods eaten fresh/cooked. Flowers used to colour rice. Leaves pickled or consume as leaf vegetable. Root as vegetable.
Processed : Dried seeds made into flour, drink
Nutritional value : Vitamin A, Vitamin C, calcium, iron



Parkia speciosa
Fabales ï Fabaceae ï Mimosoideae ï Mimoseae
Common name : bitter bean, 臭豆, petai
Native : Malesia
Consumed Fresh : young pod, beans.













Leucaena leucocephala
Fabales ï Fabaceae ï Mimosoideae ï Mimoseae
Common name : white leadtree, petai Cina, petai hutan
Native : Central America
Consumed Fresh : young seeds
Caution : contain mimosine, an antimitotic and depilatory effects







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