Friday, April 4, 2014

Prenatal Nutrition - Minerals

Mineral name : Ferum (Fe)
Absorbable form : ferrous fumarate (32.6%), ferrous gluconate (18.46%), ferrous sulfate (11.33%)
Functions : formation of hemoglobin, myoglobin, leghemoglobin
Deficiency :
1. anemia
2. preterm delivery
3. infant low birth weight
4. inferior neonatal health
5. poor congenital motor and mental development
Daily requirement :  360mg (prenatal), 320mg (lactation), 320mg (normal)
Source: red meat, lentils, beans, poultry, fish, leafy vegetables,
Superfood : liver, kidney, clams & oysters, octopus,  pumpkin seeds, dark chocolate
Absorbtion enhanced by : before meal, Vitamin C
Absorbtion interfered by : Calcium, coffee, tea
Side effects : constipation, nausea, sickness, diarrhea, heartburn

Mineral name : Calcium (Ca)
Absorbable form : Calcium carbonate (40%), tricalcium phosphate (39%), dicalcium phosphate (29%), calcium citrate (24%), calcium lactate (18%), monocalcium phosphate (17%), calcium gluconate (9%)
Functions : fetal muscle, heart, nerves, bone and teeth development
Deficiency :
1. maternal risk of osteoporosis
2. pre-eclampsia
Daily requirement :  1000mg (prenatal), 1000mg (lactation), 1200mg (normal)
Source: Seaweeds, nuts, beans, leafy vegetables, dairy products, fruits
Superfood : anchovies, sardines, fig, tofu, cheese, milk
Absorbtion enhanced by : vitamin D, intake of <600mg a="" at="" o:p="" time="">
Absorbtion interfered by : phosphorus, fat, protein, chocolate, coffee
Side effects : bloating, constipation


Post a Comment